In this program, you’ll learn to find the square root of a number using exponent operator and cmath module.

## Example: For positive numbers

```
# Python Program to calculate the square root
# Note: change this value for a different result
num = 8
# To take the input from the user
#num = float(input('Enter a number: '))
num_sqrt = num ** 0.5
print('The square root of %0.3f is %0.3f'%(num ,num_sqrt))
```

**Output**

The square root of 8.000 is 2.828

In this program, we store the number in `num` and find the square root using the `**`

exponent operator. This program works for all positive real numbers. But for negative or complex numbers, it can be done as follows.

## Source code: For real or complex numbers

```
# Find square root of real or complex numbers
# Importing the complex math module
import cmath
num = 1+2j
# To take input from the user
#num = eval(input('Enter a number: '))
num_sqrt = cmath.sqrt(num)
print('The square root of {0} is {1:0.3f}+{2:0.3f}j'.format(num ,num_sqrt.real,num_sqrt.imag))
```

**Output**

The square root of (1+2j) is 1.272+0.786j

In this program, we use the `sqrt()`

function in the `cmath`

(complex math) module.

**Note:** If we want to take complex number as input directly, like `3+4j`

, we have to use the `eval()`

function instead of `float()`

.

The `eval()`

method can be used to convert complex numbers as input to the `complex`

objects in Python.