Python Program to Find the Square Root

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In this program, you’ll learn to find the square root of a number using exponent operator and cmath module.

Example: For positive numbers

# Python Program to calculate the square root

# Note: change this value for a different result
num = 8 

# To take the input from the user
#num = float(input('Enter a number: '))

num_sqrt = num ** 0.5
print('The square root of %0.3f is %0.3f'%(num ,num_sqrt))

Output

The square root of 8.000 is 2.828

In this program, we store the number in num and find the square root using the ** exponent operator. This program works for all positive real numbers. But for negative or complex numbers, it can be done as follows.

Source code: For real or complex numbers

# Find square root of real or complex numbers
# Importing the complex math module
import cmath

num = 1+2j

# To take input from the user
#num = eval(input('Enter a number: '))

num_sqrt = cmath.sqrt(num)
print('The square root of {0} is {1:0.3f}+{2:0.3f}j'.format(num ,num_sqrt.real,num_sqrt.imag))

Output

The square root of (1+2j) is 1.272+0.786j

In this program, we use the sqrt() function in the cmath (complex math) module.

Note: If we want to take complex number as input directly, like 3+4j, we have to use the eval() function instead of float().

The eval() method can be used to convert complex numbers as input to the complex objects in Python.

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